What is Dojo?
What does it do?
Dojo is perhaps best known for the HTML user interface components, called Dijits, which you can plug into your application. You can see some examples of these components by reviewing the Dojo Feature Explorer provided by DojoCampus.org. This alone would be good reason to use Dojo, but this toolkit provides so much more. In addition, to the user components Dojo also provides the following:
- Fixes browser incompatibilities and memory leaks (no more browser dependent code)
- Normalizes the browser event system across browsers
- DOM utilities
- Build system that divides your code into small, manageable chunks for development and a packaging system for optimal download performance
- Internationalization, localization, and accessibility
- Support for asynchronous programming
- Remote scripting with XHR, script, and iframe
- Drivers for accessing data in JSON, XML, CSV, and other formats including web services such as Flickr and Picasa
Three Projects (Dojo, Dijits, DojoX)
What we call Dojo is actually three projects: Dojo, Dijits, and DojoX.
Dojo core is the foundation for all three projects and handles browser normalization, fixes browser incompatibilities, allows DOM querying, remote scripting, drag and drop, data store API, localization and internationalization, Firebug integration, cookie handling, accessibility, and much more.
Dijit includes the Dojo framework along with roughly 40 HTML user interface widgets including buttons, text boxes, grids, tree views charts, color pickets and many others. Tundra is the default CSS theme for Dijit and is designed to blend into existing color palettes and design. An additional theme, Soria, is available as well and you can certainly build your own if neither the Tundra or Soria themes fit your needs.
DojoX are Dojo extensions and includes projects such as the grid widget, a graphics library, charting, image handling and more. These often include some very sophisticated projects which are not necessarily as stable as what you’ll find in Dojo or Dijit.
ESRI and Dojo
In fact, the ESRI zoom slider was built with the Vertical Slider Dijit.
In coming posts we’ll take a look at how you can integrate a number of other dijits into your web applications.
Using Dojo with Google Maps API
Your other options for downloading Dojo to your local environment include:
- You can also download the current release to your local environment through http://dojotoolkit.org/downloads
- Get current, previous, binary, and source builds from http://download.dojotoolkit.org
- Anonymous checkout from SVN repository at http://svn.dojotoolkit.org/src